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What is Peptic Ulcer Disease?

When open soars develop inside the lining of the stomach and upper region of the small intestine then there is a high chance that you have peptic ulcer.
  • Peptic Ulcer is classified into:
  • Gastric Ulcer- It forms inside the stomach
  • Duodenal ulcers- It forms inside the upper portion of the duodenum or the small intestine
  • What causes Peptic ulcer
  • Peptic ulcer disease are generally caused by the infection, H.pylori stomach bacteria
  • Long usage of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Stress and spicy food can cause an ulcer to flare up because rich foods require more stomach acid to digest
  • Smoke and Alcohol can erode the mucus lining and increase the stomach acid causing
  • Stomach pain
  • Common Symptoms
  • Burning stomach pain
  • Feeling of fullness, bloating or belching
  • Intolerance to fatty foods
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea
The most common symptom is burning stomach specially when the stomach is empty and the acids increase the stomach pain. Eating certain food relieves the pain as they help in reducing the acid also acid reducing medications provide temporary relief. The pain however returns and becomes quite severe after dinner. Many people however do not face these symptoms.

In severe cases symptoms are obvious

  • Vomiting/vomiting blood which is reddish-black in colour
  • Stool colour that is dark almost black or tarry
  • Unnatural or interrupted Breathing
  • Feeling faint
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Change or loss in Appetite

What are the consequences of the Peptic Ulcer disease?

  • Internal Bleeding: Slow blood loss within the stomach eventually leads to anemia. Continuous and severe blood loss may lead to hospitalization and the patient will require blood transfusion.
  • Vomiting or black, bloody stool accompany this symptom.
  • Perforation or hole inside the stomach
  • Peptic ulcer disease can eat into your stomach or intestinal lining and make permanent hole there
  • leaving you prone to serious abdominal infections


Peptic ulcer disease blocks the food passage of the digestive tract making patients feel heavy with only little food intake, this too can be accompanied by vomiting, weight loss through swelling or scarring.

Peptic Ulcer Diseases

If you are facing severe pain in your stomach and can neither sit, stand or sleep then there is a high chance that you have developed peptic ulcer.

What is peptic ulcer and its types?

Peptic ulcer disease is an open soar that forms inside the stomach lining and the upper portion of the small intestine.

Gastric Ulcer that appears inside the stomach

Duodenal ulcers where the soar appears on the upper portion of the small intestine

How are peptic ulcers formed?

  • H.pylori stomach bacteria is an infection that causes peptic ulcer.
  • Long -term use of nonsteroidal inflammatory drugs and pain relievers can also cause the disease.
  • Smokers already affected with H.pylori stomach bacteria are at a risk of developing peptic ulcer
  • Too much alcohol intake also erodes the stomach lining by decreasing mucus in the stomach increasing the production of acid.
  • Untreated stress and eating spicy food will aggravate the ulcer

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The causes

The digestive tract is protected by a mucus layer that normally shields the inner layer of the stomach from acids. But if there is an imbalance, where the amount of mucus is less than the amount of acid then the stomach layer becomes vulnerable to ulcers.
  • If severe cases of ulcers are left untreated then patients have internal bleeding and may require hospitalization,
  • A permanent hole on the stomach wall is formed leaving patients in complete risk of serious stomach infection
  • Peptic ulcer blocks the food passage in the digestive tract giving a feeling of being full and it leads to vomiting and unnatural weight loss, swelling from inflammation and scarring
  • In worst cases a patient is detected with Gastric cancer.

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